Agenda SUA-Afganistan: Retragerea. Și după – doc

retragerea politică / retragerea militarăși după

după retragere

U.S. Military Concedes It’s Unready to Fight Terrorism From ‘Over the Horizon’ – FP, 30.09.21
Centcom will be flying blind for years in Afghanistan—and likely missing terrorists while killing innocents, experts say. By Michael Hirsh, a senior correspondent at Foreign Policy

America Isn’t Ready to Fight the Islamic State in Afghanistan – FP, 28.09
The jihadi group’s continued rise has left the United States with only bad options. By Anchal Vohra, a columnist for Foreign Policy and a freelance TV correspondent and commentator on the Middle East based in Beirut

Zalmay Khalilzad: ‘I Will Reflect’ on What U.S. Could Have Done Differently – FP, 15.09
America’s man in Afghanistan reflects on Trump’s ill-fated peace deal, the pullout, and how everything went wrong. By Elise Labott, a columnist at Foreign Policy and an adjunct professor at American University’s School of International Service

America’s Money Lost the Afghan War – FP, 13.09
It’s unclear whether Washington can ever cure its addiction to enabling its allies’ corruption. By Casey Michel, an investigative reporter based in New York, and Paul Massaro, the policy advisor for counter-kleptocracy at the Helsinki Commission

Biden Is Running a Hostage Negotiation With the Taliban – FP, 8.09
Making concessions now will only encourage terrorism. By Saeed Ghasseminejad, Matthew Zweig, and Richard Goldberg

Now America Must Help the Millions of Afghans It Left Behind – FP, 3.09
Engaging with a Taliban government will be painful. Washington will have to do it anyway. By Elise Labott, a columnist at Foreign Policy and an adjunct professor at American University’s School of International Service

Biden’s Conundrum: How to Pressure the Taliban Without Hurting Afghans – FP, 1.09
After 20 years of building up Afghanistan, can the United States really cut the country off now? By Michael Hirsh

China, Russia Look to Outflank U.S. in Afghanistan – FP, 2.09
Meanwhile, Pakistan urges Washington to pump the breaks on sanctioning the Taliban. By Colum Lynch, Robbie Gramer

The CIA Secretly Evacuated Most of Its Spies From Afghanistan – FP, 3.09
The agency has a long history of extracting people from danger zones. By Emma Loop, a Washington, D.C.-based freelance reporter focusing on national security, federal law enforcement, and politics

Deadly U.S. Strike Raises Questions Over Collateral Damage in Afghanistan – FP, 2.09
Many former officials expect U.S. intelligence to dry up. By Jack Detsch, Amy Mackinnon

U.S. Withdrawal Constrains Counterterrorism Options – FP, 10.06
Biden’s pledge to maintain U.S. capacity in Afghanistan without boots on the ground appears easier said than done. By Michael Kugelman

Can the West Make the Taliban Moderate? – FP, 31.08
The United States has leverage over the new Afghan government. Here’s how to use it. By Desha Girod, an associate professor at Georgetown University’s government department.

retragerea politică

State Department Launches Review of Afghan Withdrawal – FP, 10.12.21
U.S. ambassador Daniel Smith is tapped to lead a review to understand the lessons of U.S. involvement. By Robbie Gramer, Amy Mackinnon, and Jack Detsch

How America Forgot It Needed to Understand The Enemy – FP, 18.09
Social scientists helped win World War II by judging enemy morale. But in Afghanistan, the U.S. kept getting it wrong. By Zachary Shore, the author of A Sense of the Enemy and Blunder: Why Smart People Make Bad Decisions

Afghanistan Was a Ponzi Scheme Sold to the American Public – FP, 2.09
When a scam falls apart, it collapses fast. By Alan Richards, Professor Emeritus at UCSC, and Steven Simon, the Robert E Wilhelm Fellow at the MIT Centre for International Studies and a senior research analyst with the Quincy Institute

Expert afgan, despre eşecul SUA în Afganistan: „Au negociat direct cu talibanii, subminând autoritatea guvernului” – adevărul, 1.09

Stop Comparing Afghanistan’s Fall to South Vietnam’s – FP, 1.09
Americans are still using the lens of a half century-old conflict. By Chris Humphrey, based in Hanoi as the Vietnam Bureau Chief for Deutsche Presse-Agentur

The CIA Is Better Than the U.S. Military at Creating Foreign Armies – FP, 1.09
The failure of the Afghan army is a reminder that Pentagon-led security cooperation programs are more expensive and less effective than those led by spies. By Douglas London, a nonresident scholar at the Middle East Institute, and Bilal Y. Saab, a senior fellow and director of the Defense and Security Program at the Middle East Institute

President Biden Delivers Remarks on Ending the War in Afghanistan – 31.08

Secy. of State Blinken Holds Briefing on Afghanistan Withdrawal – NBC, 31.08

Pentagon announces Afghanistan withdrawal is complete – cnn, 31.08

  • Gen. Kenneth McKenzie, commander of US Central Command, announced the completion of the US’ withdrawal from Afghanistan as the last military planes left the country.

Taliban fighters celebrate the withdrawal of US forces in Afghanistan, what happens now? – abc, 31.08

  • Stan Grant speaks with guests in Kabul, Washington and Canberra on the Aug 31 deadline for US and foreign forces to be out of Afghanistan. How has American power declined since 9/11 and what does it mean for the future?

Afghanistan: How America’s longest war first began? – france24, 31.08

  • The United States has completed its withdrawal from #Afghanistan, ending #America’s longest war and closing a chapter in military history likely to be remembered for colossal failures, unfulfilled promises and a frantic final exit that cost the lives of more than 180 Afghans and 13 #US service members, some barely older than the war. How America’s longest war first began?

Biden Deserves Credit, Not Blame, for Afghanistan – The Atlantic, 30.08
Americans should feel proud of what the U.S. government and military have accomplished in these past two weeks.By David Rothkopf

What Should Biden Have Done in Afghanistan? – FP, 27.08
Withdrawal was always bound to be chaotic, but wishful thinking, poor planning, and glacial bureaucracies have made a difficult situation worse. By Emma Ashford, a senior fellow in the New American Engagement Initiative at the Atlantic Council’s Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, and Matthew Kroenig, deputy director of the Atlantic Council’s Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security

The Real Reason U.S. Allies Are Upset About Afghanistan – FP, 27.08
The anger is real—but anguished humanitarianism is just part of it. By Stephen M. Walt, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University

Don’t Blame the Afghans – FP, 24.08
If the United States fails to understand its mistakes, it will continue to repeat them. By Kishore Mahbubani, a distinguished fellow at the National University of Singapore’s Asia Research Institute

Afghanistan Hasn’t Damaged U.S. Credibility – FP, 21.08
The withdrawal has been tragic—but it hasn’t been a strategic disaster. By Stephen M. Walt, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University

After the Debacle: Six Concrete Steps to Restore U.S. Credibility – FP, 18.08
Each has bipartisan support and could be taken in short order. By Robert C. O’Brien, a former U.S. national security advisor, and John Ratcliffe, a former U.S. director of national intelligence

The United States Keeps Doing What It Can’t – FP, 20.08
The main lesson from the failed intervention in Afghanistan is about the dangers of self-delusion. Will anyone learn it? By James Traub

The Top Five Debriefing Questions About Afghanistan – FP, 9.07
How to make sense of Washington’s longest war ever. By Stephen M. Walt, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University

Is Biden Haunted by Vietnam? Should He Be? – FP, 9.07
The president said this withdrawal will be nothing like what happened in 1975, but there are some striking parallels. By Michael Hirsh

U.S. Withdrawal Constrains Counterterrorism Options – FP, 10.06
Biden’s pledge to maintain U.S. capacity in Afghanistan without boots on the ground appears easier said than done. By Michael Kugelman

End the ‘Forever War’ Cliché – FP, 22.04
The war in Afghanistan needed to wind down. But Washington is learning the wrong lesson. By Steven A. Cook

Afghans Don’t Need U.S. Troops. They Need Islands of Stability – FP, 20.04
Here’s how the Biden administration can prevent chaos in Afghanistan, even after it withdraws. By Michael F. Harsch, Taylor Whitsell

‘Bring the Troops Home’ Is a Dream, Not a Strategy – FP, 19.04
A full withdrawal from Afghanistan is a costly blunder and failure of leadership. By John Bolton

From Moral Responsibility to Magical Thinking: How Biden Changed His Mind on Afghanistan – FP, 16.04
After 9/11, Biden embraced the idea that U.S. troops should leave the country better than how they found it. Now, as president, he’s withdrawing them regardless. By Michael Hirsh

Is Leaving Afghanistan Misguided or Overdue? – FP, 16.04
Biden’s withdrawal announcement is meant to end a 20-year war, but Washington has been dragged back into conflicts before. By Emma Ashford, Matthew Kroenig

Biden’s Withdrawal Plan Sets the Clock Ticking in Afghanistan – FP, 14.04
With troops to depart on Sept. 11, the next five months are critical for any chance of peace. By Michael Kugelman

Biden Is Done with Afghanistan. Is Afghanistan Done With America? – FP, 14.04
Pulling out all U.S. troops is the administration’s risky plan to pressure Kabul and the Taliban to make peace. By Elise Labott

Biden’s Withdrawal Plan Sets the Clock Ticking in Afghanistan – FP, 14.04
With troops to depart on Sept. 11, the next five months are critical for any chance of peace. By Michael Kugelman

Biden to Complete Full Afghanistan Withdrawal by Sept. 11 – FP, 13.04
The move will finally end the United States’ longest war. By Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch

It’s Time to Prepare for U.S. Withdrawal From Afghanistan – FP, 24.03
There are no good choices, but staying on is the worst. By Michael Kugelman

Austin Calls for ‘Responsible’ End to Afghan War – FP, 21.03
The U.S. defense secretary, in a surprise visit to Afghanistan, warned that Taliban violence remains “pretty high” as Biden weighs withdrawal. By Jack Detsch

Biden’s Options in Afghanistan – FP, 16.03
The United States and Pakistan must work together to secure the country’s future. By Anne Patterson, Ali Jehangir Siddiqui, Syed Mohammad Ali

In Race Against Time, Biden Officials Launch New Afghan Peace Drive – FP, 8.03
Washington’s latest proposal would draw on Beijing, Moscow, and Tehran for support. By Elise Labott, Robbie Gramer

retragerea militară

Pentagon Leaders Contradict Biden Over Troops in Afghanistan – FP, 28.09
Lawmakers raked Gen. Milley, Gen. McKenzie, and Defense Secretary Austin over the coals for the chaotic end to the war in Afghanistan. By Amy Mackinnon, a national security and intelligence reporter at Foreign Policy

États-Unis : déception et tristesse des vétérans après le retrait militaire d’Afghanistan – 31.08

  • Les soldats américains ont officiellement quitté l’#Afghanistan ce lundi 30 août aux alentours de minuit. Un retrait qualifié d'”immense gâchis” par une partie des militaires ayant combattu sur le sol afghan.

Retrait américain d’Afghanistan : bilan chaotique de 20 ans de guerre – france 24, 31.08

  • Les dernières troupes américaines ont quitté l’#Afghanistan après vingt ans de présence ce lundi 30 août aux alentours de midi. Un retrait qui sonne comme une défaite de l’autre côté de l’Atlantique. À quelques jours des commémorations du 11 septembre 2001, le président américain #JoeBiden va s’exprimer à 19h30 (heure française) ce mardi. Qu’attendre de ce discours ?

Ultimele ore ale unei retrageri care va rămâne în istorie: Pentagonul se așteaptă la noi atacuri asupra aeroportului din Kabul / ”Amenințările sunt reale și precise” – hotnews, 30.08

Afghanistan: At least 60 killed in Kabul airport bombings – BBC Newsnight, 27.08

  • Twin bomb attacks at Kabul airport have killed more than 60 people, including 12 US Marines, and left more than 140 people injured.

Departure of Private Contractors Was a Turning Point in Afghan Military’s Collapse – FP, 16.08
For two decades, contractors provided key maintenance and military support. By Jack Detsch

Prețul evacuării a 400 de agenți străini de securitate din Afganistan: toate armele au fost predate talibanilor – 26.08

‘I’m Furious. I Feel Helpless.’ – FP, 16.08
American diplomats reckon with Afghanistan’s collapse. By Amy Mackinnon, Robbie Gramer

How Biden Was Right About Afghanistan—and Disastrously Wrong – FP, 16.08
The president is taking flak from all sides, but the timing of the Taliban takeover could minimize the political damage. By Michael Hirsh

Ministrul britanic al apărării îi ia partea lui Biden: Zarurile au fost aruncate pe vremea lui Trump / Fost șef NATO: Afganistantul este un eșec al serviciilor de informații aliate – 16.08

Biden sends troops to evacuate U.S. personnel from Afghanistan – Reuters, 15.08

  • President Joe Biden approved additional military forces to go to Kabul to help safely draw down the American embassy and remove personnel from Afghanistan.

‘It’s an abandonment.’ Afghanistan’s ambassador on her nation’s view of the US withdrawal – PBS, 14.08

  • The Afghan government is prioritizing protecting its largest cities, like Kabul, against the Taliban’s advance to protect its most dense populations and civil services, says Afghanistan’s ambassador to the U.S. Adela Raz. The U.S. withdrawal? “It’s an abandonment,” she says.

How Did Things Go So Bad So Fast in Afghanistan? – FP, 13.08
The State Department weighs evacuating the U.S. embassy in Kabul as more cities fall. By Robbie Gramer

NATO weighs in on Taliban gains as western nations speed up evacuations – DW News, 13.08

  • Germany will reduce the number of staff at its Kabul embassy to the “absolute minimum,” Foreign Minister Heiko Mass said Friday as Taliban forces set their sights on the Afghan capital. The announcement came as more German lawmakers appeal for quick action to get staff out of Afghanistan. Senior Christian Democrat (CDU) lawmaker Norbert Röttgen urged the German authorities to “not abandon a single local employee” who were in danger of “torture and death.” It also comes as the German journalists’ association asked for Afghan journalists to be given residence in their country.
  • Speaking to reporters after an emergency meeting with the permanent representatives of all 30 NATO member states, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance is “deeply concerned about the high levels of violence caused by the Taliban’s offensive, including attacks on civilians, targeted killings, and reports of other serious human rights abuses.” Stoltenberg reiterated the alliance remains committed to a political solution and would continue “to support the Afghan government and security forces as much as possible.” While NATO continues to maintain a diplomatic presence in Kabul, the alliance will “continue to adjust as necessary,” and “assess the developments on the ground”.

Primii 70 de militari români s-au întors din Afganistan / Planul de retragere se va încheia în septembrie, dar calendarul repatrierii nu este public, din motive de securitate – 8.05

David Petraeus : le retrait américain “ne mettra pas un terme à la guerre sans fin en Afghanistan” – France24, 4.05

  • Ancien commandant suprême des forces américaines en Afghanistan et ex-directeur de la CIA, le général David Petraeus analyse pour France 24 la décision du président Joe Biden de retirer les forces américaines présentes sur le sol afghan. Il respecte ce choix mais redoute les conséquences néfastes de ce départ “d’ici deux ou trois ans”. Et il craint, de manière plus générale, que la situation sécuritaire ne se dégrade sous la pression des Talibans.  

Retragerea NATO din Afganistan a început în mod ”coordonat” – 29.04

Leaving Afghanistan Will Be More Expensive Than Anyone Expects – FP, 27.04
Penalties for broken contracts, fees for shipping equipment, and salaries for the Afghan military are just a few of the costs that will hit the United States as it leaves. By Mackenzie Eaglen

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