Australia: Dinamici, Tendințe – doc

Australia Shows the World What Decoupling From China Looks Like – FP, 9.11
The bottom line: Beijing’s attempt to bully Canberra has been a spectacular failure. By Jeffrey Wilson, the research director of the Perth USAsia Centre

The Australian Climate Change Paradox, Unpacked – FP, 17.10
Australia is uniquely vulnerable in a warming world. So why have successive governments refused to act? By Kate Mackenzie, a freelance writer, researcher, and consultant to organizations pursuing the Paris Agreement goals

AUKUS Is a Short-Term Mess but a Long-Term Win for Australia – FP, 11.10
The controversial deal puts Canberra on the right side of history. By Alexander L. Vuving, a professor at the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies

Australia Badly Needs Nuclear Submarines – FP, 20.09
The country’s maritime scope, and China’s rise, makes the AUKUS deal a no brainer. By Andrew S. Erickson

U.S. Seeking Basing in Australia After Submarine Deal – FP, 16.09
The Biden administration is hoping to rotate fighters and bombers to the land Down Under. By Jack Detsch, Foreign Policy’s Pentagon and national security reporter, and Robbie Gramer, a diplomacy and national security reporter at Foreign Policy

What is the Aukus alliance and what are its implications? – The Guardian, 16.09

US, Britain, and Australia form Indo-Pacific ‘AUKUS’ security alliance – DW News, 16.09

  • The leaders of Australia, the UK and the US announced the formation of a new Indo-Pacific security alliance called AUKUS on Wednesday, which will include the sharing of nuclear-powered submarine technology. The partnership will see the three countries share technology to improve their defensive capabilities, including cyber security, artificial intelligence and underwater systems. The move follows worsening relations between China and the US and other Western powers.
  • UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said that the three allies — already all members of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance along with Canada and New Zealand — were “opening a new chapter in our friendship and the first task of this partnership will be to help Australia acquire a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines.” Johnson emphasized that the vessels would “be powered by nuclear reactors, not armed with nuclear weapons, and our work will be fully in line with our [nuclear] non-proliferation obligations.” Australia will become only the second country, after the UK, with which the US has shared nuclear propulsion technology. The announcement likely ends existing Australian plans to acquire new submarines from France. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the submarines would be built in Adelaide in close cooperation with the US and Britain. He also announced that the Australian Navy would be upgraded with longe range missiles including Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • US officials were careful not to describe the partnership as a deterrent to China’s ambitions in the region. Australian Prime Minister Morrison declared that there was an “open invitation for President Xi to discuss other matters.” The Chinese Foreign Ministry said it would monitor the UK, US, Australian agreement, adding that it damaged regional peace and stability.

Uniunea Europeană susține că „nu a fost informată” în legătură cu pactul de securitate pentru zona indo-pacifică dintre SUA, Marea Britanie și Australia – 16.09

Breach of trust? France fumes as Australia drops submarine deal for US – France24, 16.09

  • The French branded it the deal of the century. So why is the agreement to sell military grade submarines to Australia suddenly dead in the water? Canberra ditching the 2016 deal for the chance to buy nuclear-powered subs whose technology is made in the USA. Washington announcing an Indo-Pacific military alliance with the Australia and the UK. That leaves out the only real Western power in Pacific waters outside of the US.
  • France with more than eight thousand military personnel and a fleet that patrols a vast area stretching across the Indian Ocean and the Pacific. France calls the contract poaching a “breach of trust”, the kind of breach of trust associated more with Donald Trump than Joe Biden. What’s behind it? What fallout?
  • And what reaction from that other superpower critical of the deal, Beijing, which sees plans for a new Indo-Pacific alliance as directed squarely against it and its ambitions in the South China Sea. If tensions were to seriously spike, would France and Europe ultimately be synch with the U-S-led alliance?

Lowy Institute: Dramatic Collapse in China Sentiment – Bloomberg, 23.06

China anunță întreruperea pe termen nedefinit a ”dialogului economic” cu Australia – RFI, 6.05

Australia Draws A Line on China – FP, 4.05
Canberra’s had enough of trade embargoes and Chinese grievances—and is ready to draw a line. – By Keith Johnson, a senior staff writer at Foreign Policy, and Jack Detsch, Foreign Policy’s Pentagon and national security reporter.

Will Australia’s New Defense Minister Play Bad Cop to China? – FP, 6.04
Peter Dutton stopped the refugee boats. His next job is stopping Beijing’s maritime militia. By Salvatore Babones

Mii de oameni au protestat faţă de „Ziua Australiei”, o sărbătoare care provoacă discordie – 25.01


What is behind Australia-China tensions? – BBC, 2.12

Australia’s trade rift with China deepens as country emerges from recession – 2.12

Why has the Australia-China relationship turned sour? – Al Jazeera, 29.11

  • Ties between Australia and China are unravelling fast. Beijing has imposed a tariff of up to 212 percent on Australian wine, the latest in an escalating dispute. China says it’s a measure against dumping to protect its own wine industry. But Australia believes the reason’s political. The government in Canberra has criticised China’s handling of COVID-19, as well as human rights issues in Xinjiang and Hong Kong. Is there room to repair the relationship?

What’s behind the growing trade dispute between China and Australia – DW, 27.11

  • Relations between China and Australia have been deteriorating recently, now tensions are about to reach a next level. Starting Saturday, Beijing will impose tariffs up to 200 percent on Australian wine imports – claiming Shiraz, Chardonnay and others have been illegaly subsidized by the government. Australian producers are appalled – no-where do they sell nearly as much as in China.

China transmite un mesaj prin politica dură față de Australia. Presiunea Beijingului ne permite să întrezărim foia de parcurs spre o ordine mai iliberală, într-un posibil viitor dominat de Beijing – FT, 26.11

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