Orientul Mijlociu: Dinamici. Tendințe – doc


Irak / Siria / Liban / Libia / Tunisia



Democracy Was Never Going to Stop Islamist Terrorism – FP, 16.09
Twenty years after 9/11, U.S. policy in the Middle East is still based on a fundamental mistake. By Steven A. Cook, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Middle East and Africa studies at the Council on Foreign Relations

Neither Russia nor China Could Fill a U.S. Void in the Middle East – FP, 15.09
Nor would they desire to. By Jon Hoffman, a Ph.D. candidate at George Mason University specializing in Middle East geopolitics and political Islam

Japan Is the Middle East’s Most Credible Player
Tokyo’s long-standing, quiet diplomacy has built trust Washington lacks. By Mohammed Soliman, a global strategy advisor and a nonresident scholar at the Middle East Institute, and Elliot Silverberg, a nonresident James Kelly fellow at the Pacific Forum in Hawaii.


How the Red Sea Became a Trap – FP, 26.07
From piracy to the Ever Given, colonialism left hard scars. By Nicholas W. Stephenson Smith, a researcher and writer on African history and politics



Israel and Jordan’s Relationship Is Better Than It Looks – FP, 29.07
For both countries, national interests continue to trump personality-based politics. By Aaron Magid, a former Amman-based journalist

Will Abbas Get Tripped Up by the Palestinian Diaspora? – FP, 29.07
Palestinians abroad are looking beyond the aging leader. By Jonathan H. Ferziger, a Jerusalem-based nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council and a former Middle East correspondent for Bloomberg News



irak

After Afghanistan Collapse, Iraqis Fear They Could Be Next – FP, 19.08
The parallels are easy to list. By Bilal Wahab, a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy

Iraq Is the Middle East’s New Power Broker – FP, 11.08
After decades of offering only chaos, Baghdad is trying to become a leading force in the region. By Steven A. Cook, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Middle East and Africa studies at the Council on Foreign Relations

Iraqi Kurds Keep Faith in U.S. Despite Drawdown – FP, 29.07
The United States’ longtime partners in northern Iraq are watching Afghanistan go to pieces after the U.S. pullout with “wishful thinking.” By Rebecca Collard, a broadcast journalist and writer covering the Middle East

Biden Could Midwife a New Iraq – FP, 24.06
America’s Iraq War era is over and a new era may dawn—if the United States doesn’t turn its back again. By Danielle Pletka, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, and Kenneth M. Pollack, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute



siria

The Middle East Is Preparing for the United States’ Exit From Syria – FP, 25.08
Among Arab countries, the race is on to repair ties with the Assad regime. By Neil Quilliam, an associate fellow in the Middle East and North Africa program at Chatham House

America’s Syrian Allies Deserve the COVID-19 Vaccine – FP, 22.06
They vanquished the Islamic State and are now in desperate need of aid. By David Adesnik, a senior fellow and the director of research at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, and Seth J. Frantzman, the author of Drone Wars: Pioneers, Killing Machines, Artificial Intelligence, and the Battle for the Future

Ten Years on, Will There Ever Be Justice for Syria? – FP, 17.03
As the war drags on, there are small glimmers of hope for those seeking reconciliation. By Janine di Giovanni



liban

Beirut’s Port Explosion, One Year Later – FP, 4.08
Compounding economic and political crises have made for a pyrrhic recovery from the brink. Here’s why. By Kelly Kimball

Lebanon’s Failure Is Partly Macron’s Fault – FP, 24.06
France developed a plan to save its former colony. It went wrong from the start. By Anchal Vohra



libia

Could a Monarch Heal Libya? – FP, 23.06
The country needs a unifying figure. Ahead of elections this year, it’s worth considering a constitutional monarchy. By Patrik Kurath, the executive vice president of the Middle East and North Africa Forum

The Libya Allergy – FP, 17.03
The 2011 Libyan intervention pitched the region into a decade of chaos and undermined U.S. confidence in the wisdom of using military force to save lives. By Colum Lynch



tunisia

Kais Saied Is Not a Dictator – FP, 16.08
Tunisia’s controversial president is seeking to preserve the legacy of the Arab Spring by stamping out corruption and promoting decentralized democracy. By Hasan Ismaik, a Jordanian entrepreneur and a writer with weekly columns in the Arabic press

Tunisia’s on a Knife-Edge Between Reform and Autocracy – FP, 11.08
Two weeks after suspending parliament, what road map will Tunisian President Kais Saied gin up? By Simon Speakman Cordall, a freelance journalist based in Tunisia

Tunisia’s Democracy Needs Help. Will Biden Step In? – FP, 29.07
The place where the Arab Spring began is now a test for an administration that pledged to strengthen global democracy. By Michael Hirsh, a senior correspondent and deputy news editor at Foreign Policy

The International Community Must Use Its Leverage in Tunisia – FP, 27.07
Foreign powers should condemn Kais Saied’s power grab to halt long-term damage to the nascent democracy. By Sarah Yerkes, a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Maybe Tunisians Never Wanted Democracy – FP, 27.07
If Westerners are shocked at political developments in Tunisia, it’s because they described it as a straightforward success for too long. By Steven A. Cook, a columnist at Foreign Policy and the Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Middle East and Africa studies at the Council on Foreign Relations

Președintele tunisian suspendă activitatea parlamentului și îl demite pe șeful guvernului, după protestele de duminică – 27.07

  • Kais Saied şi-a făcut cunoscute deciziile după o reuniune de urgenţă la palatul prezidenţial, în contextul în care Tunisia se confruntă cu un vârf al pandemiei de coronavirus şi o profundă criză politică care îl opune pe şeful statului principalului partid parlamentar, Ennahdha.
  • Kais Saied a informat că preia puterea executivă, cu „ajutorul guvernului”, care va fi condus de un nou şef numit de preşedintele ţării.
  • Mai multe mii de tunisieni au manifestat duminică împotriva conducătorilor lor, în special contra formaţiunii islamiste Ennahdha. Ei au scandat în special sloganuri ostile acestei formaţiuni şi prim-ministrului pe care îl susţine, Hichem Mechichi, strigând că „poporul doreşte dizolvarea parlamentului”.
  • Apelurile la manifestaţii pe 25 iulie, ziua proclamării republicii, circulau de câteva zile pe Facebook, provenind de la grupuri neidentificate. Acestea au cerut, printre altele, schimbarea Constituţiei şi o perioadă de tranziţie care să lase un loc important armatei, menţinându-l în acelaşi timp pe preşedintele Saied în fruntea statului.

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