Afganistan: Dinamici. Tendințe – doc



  • noul regim taliban / revenirea talibanilor / noua rezistență anti-talibană
  • economia, resursele / locuri / istorie recentă


noul regim taliban


In Afghanistan, It’s Back to the Future—of Taliban Tyranny – FP, 9.09
A government of mullahs and terrorists snuffs out freedoms despite talk of inclusion and human rights. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author


Liderul suprem taliban cere noului Guvern de la Kabul să implementeze legea islamică sharia în Afganistan – 8.09


Four Key Questions About Afghanistan’s Future – FP, 2.09
Post-U.S. withdrawal, a few factors could shape the country’s trajectory in the coming weeks. By Michael Kugelman


Can the West Make the Taliban Moderate? – FP, 31.08
The United States has leverage over the new Afghan government. Here’s how to use it. By Desha Girod, an associate professor at Georgetown University’s government department.

Qatar and Germany hold news conference about Afghanistan – al jazeera, 31.08

  • In a joint news conference with the German foreign minister, Qatar’s Sheikh Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani says his nation is fully prepared to help stabilise the situation in Afghanistan.

Taliban au pouvoir en Afghanistan : quels défis pour le mouvement islamiste? – france 24, 31.08

  • Alors que l’armée américaine a officiellement quitté l’#Afghanistan après vingt ans de guerre, les #Taliban, qui ont pris le pouvoir le 15 août dernier, vont devoir prouver qu’ils sont capables de gouverner. Crise économique, problèmes sécuritaires et formation d’un futur gouvernement, les défis ne manquent pas et les tensions internes non plus.

Taliban says Afghanistan ‘free nation’ as it hails US exit: Live – al jazeera, 31.08

  • Taliban says Afghanistan ‘free nation’ as it hails US exit: Live The Afghan group says the US defeat is lesson for everyone else, and says it wants ‘good relations’ with the rest of the world.

Les Taliban, nouveaux maîtres de l’Afghanistan – france24, 31.08

  • L’armée américaine a annoncé, lundi 30 août aux alentours de minuit, avoir achevé son retrait d’#Afghanistan, à l’issue de la plus longue guerre de l’histoire des États-Unis. Les #Taliban ont salué un “moment historique”, tandis que les #ÉtatsUnis ont indiqué qu’ils “travailleront” avec les islamistes s’ils tiennent leurs engagements. Les derniers détails avec notre envoyé spécial Cyril Payen en direct de Kaboul.

Afghanistan: Taliban face mounting challenges ahead – france24, 31.08

  • Celebratory gunfire resounded across #Kabul on Tuesday (August 31) as #Taliban fighters took control of the #airport before dawn, after the withdrawal of the last US troops.The transition presents an enormous test for the Islamists in a desperately poor, diplomatically isolated country.

The Taliban Can’t Control Afghanistan. That Should Worry the West – FP, 31.08
The risk of a terrorist resurgence comes primarily from the Taliban’s Islamic State rivals. By Fawaz A. Gerges, a professor of international relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science


Taliban’s return: Powered by tech? – 30.08

  • Watch the video to know how digital media and other communication technologies played a huge role in the resurgence of the Taliban.

It’s Crazy to Trust the Haqqanis – FP, 27.08
A faction of the new Afghan government is extraordinarily close to al Qaeda and other terror groups—including the Islamic State. By Anchal Vohra

The Taliban Are Far Closer to the Islamic State Than They Claim – FP, 26.08
The terror group behind the Kabul attacks has close ties to the Haqqani network. By Sajjan M. Gohel, the international security director at the Asia-Pacific Foundation

Airport Attack Underscores How the Taliban Could Fail – FP, 26.08
Facing security risks and shaky legitimacy, the group will struggle to govern and consolidate power. By Michael Kugelman, the writer of Foreign Policy’s weekly South Asia Brief


Talibanii negociază în continuare cu Hamid Karzai şi Abdullah Abdullah pentru a forma un guvern de uniune – 24.08

What a Taliban Government Will Look Like – FP, 23.08
Early indications suggest Afghanistan will be led by a 12-man council of criminals, terrorists, and the more pliant members of the former government. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

Taliban leaders come to forefront to build their regime after years of exile – wion, 31.08

  • More Taliban leaders are coming to the forefront to build their regime after years of exile. Hebatullah Akhundzada is holding consultations with Sirajudding Haqqani to finalise names for forming a new cabinet.

Will the G-7 Recognize a Taliban Government? – FP, 24.08
The group weighs official recognition—or sanctions. By Chloe Hadavas, an assistant editor at Foreign Policy.

The aftermath: Navigating a Taliban-led Afghanistan – CH, 20.08

The Taliban Can—and Can’t—Be Trusted – FP, 20.08
There’s good news on international terrorism—and bad news on plenty else. By Anatol Lieven, a senior research fellow at the Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft

Think Tank Defends Serbia Hosting Secret Afghan Govt-Taliban Talks – FP, 18.08
Serbia hosted several behind-closed-doors talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, all with the approval of the US, EU and UN, said Jovan Kovacic, director of the think tank that organised the negotiations

Two Talibans Are Competing for Afghanistan – FP, 18.08
The gap between the group’s international leadership and its rank-and-file fighters has never been wider. By Anchal Vohra

Taliban must transform from an insurgency to govern – CH, 17.08
Taliban victories have been aided by dismal political leadership in Kabul, but showing Afghans – and the world – they can run a country will not be so easy.

Afganistan: Evacuările prind viteză / Talibanii au problemă mare: rezervele valutare sunt în străinătate / Noua putere cere civililor să predea armele și muniția – 18.08

Talibanii au intrat în posesia „unei cantităţi substanţiale” de echipament militar american – 17.08

Fear and Uncertainty Grip Kabul – FP, 17.08
The Taliban pledge an orderly transition, but many residents are bracing for retribution. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

Talibanii în prima conferință de presă la Kabul: Vrem să ne asigurăm că Afganistan nu este un câmp de luptă / Toată lumea este iertată / Vom respecta drepturile femeilor în conformitate cu șaria / Despre libertatea presei – 17.08

Why Afghanistan’s Tribes Beat the United States – FP, 16.08
Tightly bound kinship networks aren’t vestiges of the past. They’re a modern—and effective—form of political organization. By Jeremi Suri, the Mack Brown Distinguished Chair for Leadership in Global Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin

The Taliban Are Breaking Bad – FP, 19.07
Meth is even more profitable than heroin—and is turbocharging the insurgency. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist, author, and analyst

If the Taliban Wins the War, Can It Still Lose the Peace? – FP, 7.07
The United States vowed to destroy the Taliban. Today, they are stronger than ever. But will that last? By Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch

The Taliban Are Winning the War of Words in Afghanistan – FP, 21.06
The government’s radio silence is handing a propaganda victory to the insurgents. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist, author, and analyst

Taliban Map Out Future Vision for Afghanistan – FP, 8.06
The militant group’s spokesman vows to “continue our war” until Afghanistan has an Islamic government. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist, author, and analyst


Who are the Taliban? – Al Jazeera, 30.05.21

  • The Taliban have been fighting the Afghan government and its allies for decades. Now the US is pulling its soldiers out of Afghanistan and the Taliban seem stronger than ever. Who are the Taliban really? And how is it that they have so much power?

Origins of the Taliban – Caspian Report, 1.03.20



revenirea talibanilor

Taliban seize control of Kabul airport as the last US troops have left Afghanistan – DW News, 31.08

  • In a speech in Kabul, a prominent member of the Taliban’s political office has accused the West of smearing the Islamist group, saying that Afghanistan’s progress will soon be visible under its rule. Shahabuddin Delawar also repeated assurances made recently by the group that it is not a threat to anyone and would be a reliable partner for the international community. “We do not seek revenge,” he said. His comments seem contradicted by reports of Taliban members going door to door in some parts of the country as they seek Afghans who worked together with international forces during the 20 years since a US-led invasion.

Afghanistan on the brink of Taliban takeover – BBC News, 15.08

Taliban takeover: Fighters surround Kabul ‘from all sides’ – Al Jazeera, 15.08

  • The Taliban readied its forces on outskirts of the Afghan capital from all sides on Sunday as panicked civilians prepared for the armed group’s takeover of Kabul nearly 20 years after relinquishing power in an American-led assault.
  • Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said fighters were remaining on the capital’s outskirts as negotiations took place.

Taliban push into outskirts of Kabul – DW News, 15.08

  • The Taliban, an Islamist militant group that has seized large parts of Afghanistan, started entering the outskirts of Kabul on Sunday, local officials said. The Afghan capital is the last major city held by government forces after insurgents made several advances elsewhere this month amid the withdrawal of allied troops. The Taliban pledged not to take the capital “by force.” Sunday’s move on Kabul comes as international forces start to evacuate their diplomats amid the worsening security situation.

Afghan government’s last northern stronghold falls – WION, 15.08

  • Taliban terrorists capture the key northern Afghan city of Mazar-e-sharif and the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad effectively leaving the capital Kabul as the last major urban area under government control.

Taliban take Jalalabad, leaving Kabul as only major city in government control – France 24, 15.08

  • The territory controlled by the crumbling Afghan government shrank to little more than Kabul on Sunday as the Taliban took the key eastern city of Jalalabad without a fight, while the United States sent more troops to help evacuate its civilians.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s message to the nation: Will continue to fight – WION, 15.08

  • Amid rumours that Afghan President Ashraf Ghani might step down as the Taliban continues to make territorial advances. Ghani says that he will continue to fight the terror group.

Who can stop Taliban advance? – Al Jazeera, 14.08

  • The future of Afghanistan is topping most international agendas this week, with many fearing a return to Taliban rule of 20 years ago. The group’s continuing to make strong advances across the country, taking control of major cities. It’s also managed to release thousands of prisoners, and looted military barracks, some of which were run, until last month, by the United States.
  • As hundreds of thousands of Afghans flee their homes trying to find safety elsewhere, President Ashraf Ghani is determined the Taliban will not win: But what can Ghani do to stop the Taliban?


How Did Things Go So Bad So Fast in Afghanistan? – FP, 13.08
The State Department weighs evacuating the U.S. embassy in Kabul as more cities fall. By Robbie Gramer

Talibanii au cucerit o nouă capitală regională, deschizând drumul spre Kabul / Danemarca își evacuează ambasada, Elveția suspendă deportările către Afganistan – 12.08

US warns Kabul could fall ‘within 90 days’ — as it happened – DW, 12.08

Haos în Afganistan: Zeci de mii de oameni fug din calea talibanilor spre capitala Kabul după ce 9 orașe-cheie au fost capturate, președintele încearcă să coordoneze riposta – 11.08

What Went Wrong With Afghanistan’s Defense Forces? – FP, 11.08
Ten provincial capitals have fallen in a week, and Kabul is teetering. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

More Provinces, Atrocities for Rampaging Taliban – FP, 9.08
Six more Afghan provinces fell over the weekend, and Kabul fears the “country will fall apart.” By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

SUA trimit aviația grea în Afganistan pentru stăvilirea avansului talibanilor – 6.08

The Taliban’s Urban Warfare Is a Dangerous Escalation – FP, 5.08
Insurgents are advancing into some of Afghanistan’s largest cities, signaling a new phase of the war.

Taliban Advance Marks Turning Point in Afghanistan – FP, 4.08
The Taliban’s actions in Helmand province could be decisive in the Afghan war. By Chloe Hadavas, an assistant editor at Foreign Policy

Afghanistan’s War Splinters as Southern Tribes Fight for Spoils – FP, 30.07
Key cities including Herat and Kandahar could be the next to fall as Afghanistan’s nightmare continues. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author



Cum arată Afganistanul după retragerea aliată. Talibanii preiau controlul țării, al-Qaida se întărește, iar viitorul este sumbru – Libertatea, 21.07




U.S. Questioned Whether Afghan Government Could Survive Taliban Onslaught – FP, 30.06
Biden to boost aid to Kabul as the militants capture more territory. By Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch

Can Biden Save Ashraf Ghani? – FP, 25.06
To stop the Taliban’s advance and his government’s collapse, the Afghan leader must check his hubris at the White House door. By Elise Labott, an adjunct professor at American University’s School of International Service and a columnist at Foreign Policy


U.S. to Prop Up Afghan Air Force – FP, 8.07
Afghanistan will get an injection of contractor support and planes for its beleaguered Air Force. By Jack Detsch

Afghan Air Force Could Be Grounded After U.S. Pullout – FP, 14.06
The one advantage the Afghan army had on the Taliban looks set to slip away with the hasty U.S. withdrawal. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist, author, and analyst


Afghan Ambassador: ‘The Ball Is in the Taliban’s Court’ – FP, 23.04
Roya Rahmani says the Taliban have no justification for continuing their war after the departure of international troops. By Jack Detsch

Afganistan: americanii se retrag, talibanii „mai puternici ca niciodată” – RFI, 19.04

In Race Against Time, Biden Officials Launch New Afghan Peace Drive – FP, 8.03
Washington’s latest proposal would draw on Beijing, Moscow, and Tehran for support. By Elise Labott, Robbie Gramer



noua rezistență anti-talibană

Afghans Protest After Taliban Claim to Have Crushed Panjshir Resistance – FP, 8.09
Chants of “Freedom” and “Death to Taliban” rang out in Kabul and other Afghan cities. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

Talibanii anunță cucerirea Văii Panjshir / Rezistența ceruse talibanilor încetarea ostilităților după ce a suferit pierderi grele – 6.09

Anti-Taliban Resistance Braces to Fight New Offensive – FP, 2.09
The last redoubt of resistance against the Taliban is cut off and pleading for foreign assistance. By Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch

Ahmad Massoud: ‘Peace Does Not Mean to Surrender’ – FP, 31.08
The leader of the Afghan anti-Taliban resistance vows to battle in the encircled Panjshir Valley to keep alive his father’s dream. By Lynne O’Donnell

Lawmaker Pushes Biden to Back Anti-Taliban Resistance – FP, 26.08

Liderul rezistenței afgane promite să nu se predea niciodată, deși grupării sale i-a fost refuzat accesul la armele americane – 26.08

An Anti-Taliban Front Is Already Forming. Can It Last?
The group faces a more powerful Taliban than ever, but public discontent could fuel the resistance. By Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch

Valea Panjir redevine centrul rezistenței anti-talibani. Prim-vicepreședintele Afganistanului, Amrullah Saleh, se declară șef interimar al statului – 19.08

With Militias in Herat, ‘We Are Caught Between Bad and Worse’ – FP, 6.08
Killings by militiamen in Herat underscore the risks of relying on armed civilians to fight off the Taliban. By Lynne O’Donnell, an Australian journalist and author

Stop Assuming the Taliban Will Win – FP, 28.07
With ethnic warlords reviving their militias, the Afghan war—even without the U.S. military—is more balanced than it seems. By Anchal Vohra, a columnist for Foreign Policy and a freelance TV correspondent and commentator on the Middle East based in Beirut

A ‘Life and Death Fight’ Against the Taliban in Central Afghanistan – FP, 22.07
Bamiyan, home to the Taliban-wrecked Buddhas, might be the start of Afghanistan’s pushback against the insurgents. By Lynne O’Donnell

With the Militias in Afghanistan – FP, 1.07
As Afghan forces melt away, local armed groups are left to hold the line against the Taliban. By Lynne O’Donnell



resurse, economie

Départ des États-Unis d’Afghanistan : quel bilan en matière d’économie et de développement humain? – france24, 31.08

  • Après vingt ans de présence en #Afghanistan, les Américains ont quitté le pays, laissant derrière eux une économie extrêmement dépendante de l’aide internationale et des transferts de la diaspora. Ces deux sources de devises ont été suspendues depuis l’arrivée au pouvoir des #Taliban et le pays se trouve aujourd’hui à court de dollars pour importer les biens de première nécessité.

Don’t Abandon Afghanistan’s Economy Too – FP, 27.08
As the chances of evacuation dwindle, the West owes Afghans a chance at surviving in their own country. By Adam Tooze, a columnist at Foreign Policy and director of the European Institute at Columbia University

Afghanistan : quelles perspectives économiques à l’heure des Taliban ? – 27.08

  • Depuis la prise de Kaboul par les Taliban, l’incertitude règne en Afghanistan en ce qui concerne les attaques terroristes, le sort des populations – et des femmes en particulier – mais aussi l’économie. Affaibli par des décennies de conflits et une corruption endémique, le pays est l’un des plus pauvres du monde et dépend largement de l’aide internationale – désormais en partie suspendue. Mais les nouveaux maîtres de Kaboul peuvent compter sur d’autres ressources. Seront-elles suffisantes ?

Banca Mondială oprește ajutorul acordat Afganistanului, după ce talibanii au preluat controlul țării – 26.08

Afghanistan: Money can be the milk of Taliban moderation – CH, 24.08
Will the realities of needing a functioning economy to run Afghanistan effectively be enough to temper the worst of the Taliban’s policies?

Afghanistan sits on $3 trillion in minerals – Caspian Report



locuri

Cum arată Afganistanul din punct de vedere etnic, lingvistic și religios – 18.08.21

96 Hours Inside Afghanistan in 2020 – Yes Theory, 2020

  • This week, I went to Afghanistan and discovered something about this incredible country that I never expected. We can’t wait to see Noor’s school develop and are so incredibly grateful to this community for giving us the ability to make these life-changing dreams come true.

Kandahar City Afghanistan – Afghan Mirror, 2019

  • Kandahar or Qandahar is a city located in Afghanistan, Kandahar is located in the south of the country on the Arghandab River, at an elevation of 1,010 m. It is the capital of Kandahar Province, and also the center of the larger cultural region called Loy Kandahar.

Jalalabad City Afghanistan, The Rickshaw City HD – Afghan Mirror, 2019



istorie recentă

A Taliban Challenge: To Learn the Lessons of History – FP, 23.08.21
What an ancient citadel can teach us about Afghanistan’s past—and its potential future. By Lynne O’Donnell

To Understand Afghanistan’s Future, Reckon With the Region’s Colonial Past – FP, 20.08.21
From Kabul to Kolkata, South Asian heirs of partition can draw inspiration from their history to chart a sustainable future. By Priya Satia

Cum funcționa în urmă cu cinci ani Afganistanul controlat de trupele aliate: frica de talibani era omniprezentă, cimitirele ”provizorii” împânzeau țara – 16.08.21


When Afghanistan Almost Worked – FP, 26.04.21
Five decades ago, before the great powers intervened, Afghanistan was on a much better path than today. But the longed-for “decade of democracy” was soon shattered. By Emran Feroz

Afghanistan 1970s And Now – 2017

  • Before the U.S. invasion, before the Russian war, before the Marxist revolution, Afghanistan was a very different country than the one that exists today.

Afghanistan Pre-Soviet Invasion (1950-1970) – 2020

  • Afghanistan was very modern and some say very advance during this time period. A lot would agree that Western culture played a huge role for shaping the country.

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